SOME OLD SPELLINGS :
WITH REFERENCE TO
Accomptant, Accountant, Almoner- Giver of charity to the needy,
Amanuensis - Secretary or Stenographer.
Aquarius (Ewer) - Waterman
Aurifaber - Goldsmith.
Artificer - A soldier mechanic who does repairs.
Avenator (Plantifene) - Hay and Forage Merchant.
Bailie - Bailiff.
Barker - Tanner.
Baxter - Baker
Belhoste - Tavern keeper.
Belleyetere - Bellfounder.
Bever - Beverage maker
Blockmaker - One who crafted pulleys
Bluestocking - Female writer.
Boniface- Keeper of an inn.
Bowyer - Bowmaker.
Brasiler - Dyer.
Brazier - One who works with brass,
Brewster - Beer manufacturer
Brightsmith - Metal Worker,
Burghermaster - Mayor,
Burneman - Carrier of barm or water for brewers.
Caulker - One who filled up cracks (in ships or windows or seems)
Cancellarius - Chancellor.
Cardmaker - Maker of cards or instrumets for combing wool.
Carnifex - Butcher.
Carpentarius - Carpenter.
Castor - Hat maker
Chaisemaker - Carriage maker,
Chaloner - Dealer in shalloon, a material made in Chalons.
Chandler - Dealer or Trader. One who sells Candles. Grocer
Chiffonnier - Wig maker
Chapman - Merchant.
Chirugion - Apothecary or Surgeon.
Cissor - Tailor.
Clericus, Clark - Clerk.
Cocus (Keu) - Cook
Collier - Coal miner,
Colporteur - Peddler of books
Combere - Woolcomber
Cooper - One who makes or repairs vessels
made of staves & hoops, such as casks, barrels, tubs, etc.
Corvisor (Cordewanarius, Cordwainer) - Shoemaker.
Costermonger - Peddler of fruits and vegetables
Cotiler - Cutler
Crowner - Coroner
Cuhreur (Cunreur) - Currier.
Cuper - Cooper; a barrel maker.
Currier - One who dresses the coat of a horse with a currycomb;
one who tanned leather by incorporating oil or grease.
Dexter - Dyer.
Docker - Stevedore, dock worker who loads and unloads cargo
Dowser - One who finds water using a rod or witching stick
Draper - A dealer in dry goods
Drayman - One who drives a long strong cart without fixed sides
for carrying heavy loads
Dresser - A surgeon's assistant in a hospital
Drover - One who drives cattle, sheep, etc. to market; a dealer in cattle
Dubbere - Cloth dubber, i.e., one who raises the nap of cloth.
Dudder - Probably a maker of coarse cloaks.
Duffer - Peddler
Dysshere - Probably a ditcher, or in some cases a disher.
Elymaker - Oilmaker.
Factor - Agent, commission merchant; one who acts or transacts business for another.
Faber - Smith.
Farrier - A blacksmith, one who shoes horses.
Faulkner/ Falconer/ Fellmonger
- One who removes hair or wool from
hides in preparation for leather making,
Faulkner - Falconer
Felmonger/Fellmonger - One who removed hair or wool from hides.
Ferur (Ferator) - Farrier or blacksmith.
Fisher (Fishdryver) - Victualler.
Flauner - Confectioner.
Flesher - Butcher.
Fletcher - Arrowmaker.
Forestarius - Forester.
Frereman - Servant of the Friars.
Fuller - One who trampled cloth. See alsoWalker.
Furber (Furbour) - Furbisher of armour.
Furner - Baker.
Garcifer (Garcio) - Groom, attendant.
Garlekmonger - Dealer in garlic.
Glassewryght - Maker and mender of glassware.
Gynour - Engineer.
Hacker - Maker of hoes
Hamberghmaker (Hamberow) - Horse collar maker.
Hatcheler - One who combed out or carded flax
Haymonger - Dealer in hay
Hayward - Keeper of fences
Hetheleder - Provider of heather for fuel.
Higgler - Itinerant peddler
Hillier - Roof tiler
Hind - A farm laborer
Hooker - Reaper
Hooper - One who made hoops for casks and barrels
Hosteler - Innkeeper.
Huckster - Seller of small wares
Husbandman - Tenant farmer .
Jagger - Fish peddler
Joyner/Joiner - A skilled carpenter
Journeyman - One who has served his apprenticeship and is now hired by the day
Keeler - Bargeman
Kempster - Wool comber
Keepgest - Innkeeper.
Lardner - Keeper of the cupboard
Latouner - Worker in latten, a metal resembling brass.
Lavender - Washer woman
Lederer - Leather maker
Leech - Physician
Limner - Draughtsman or Artist.
Lokeer - Locksmith.
Longshoreman - Stevedore
Lorimer/Lormer - Bridlemaker.
Macun/Mason - Bricklayer
Malender - Farmer
Maltster - Brewer
Manciple - A steward
Marescallus - Marshall.
Medicus - Leech, Doctor.
Mercator - Merchant.
Mintmaster - One who issued local currency
Molendinarius - Miller.
Monger - Seller of goods (ale, fish)
Muleskinner - Teamster
Mustarder - Grower and grinder of mustard.
Nailor - Nail maker
Neatherder - Herds cows
Nedder - Needle-maker.
Ordinary Keeper - Innkeeper with fixed prices
Palmer - A Pilgrim, one who had been to the Holy Land.
Paneler - Saddler.
Pannarius - Clothier and Draper.
Pannebeter - Pan-hammerer, or perhaps clothdriver.
Pardoner - One licensed to sell Papal Indulgences.
Parmentor - Probably a parchment maker, or tailor.
Parcheminer - Parchment maker.
Pattenmaker - Maker of iron-rimmed pattens for footwear.
Pelliparius (Peltarius) - Skinner.
Peregrinator - Itinerant wanderer
Perukemaker - Wigmaker.
Pettifogger - A shyster lawyer
Pictor - Painter.
Pigman - Crockery dealer
Pinder - Keeper of the Pound or Pinfold.
Piscarius - Fishmonger.
Piscator - Fisherman.
Pistor - Miller or Baker.
Plomer - Plumber.
Porter - Door keeper
Puddler - Wrought iron worker
Pynner - Pin-maker.
Roper - Ropemaker.
Rotarius - Wheelwright.
Safernman - Grower of Saffron.
Samitere (Samite) - Maker of a kind of heavy silk suff.
Sauntere - Salt maker.
Sausere - Salter.
Scrivener - Professional or public copyist or writer; notary public
Scrutiner - Election judge
Seinter - Girdlemaker.
Sempster - Seamstress
Serviens - Sergeant.
Servus - Servant.
Shrieve - Sheriff
Sifker - Sievemaker.
Silkmaker spinster - Female spinner
Silkmaker throster - Male spinner
Sissor (Cissor) - Tailor.
Slater - Roofer
Sleymaker - Maker of instruments to part threads in weaving.
Slopseller - Seller of ready-made clothes in a slop shop
Snobscat/Snob - One who repaired shoes
Soper - Soapmaker.
Sorter - Tailor
Spinster - A woman who spins or an unmarried woman
Spittleman - Hospital Attendant.
Spicer - Grocer.
Spurrier - Spurmaker.
Squire - Country gentleman; farm owner; Justice of the Peace
Stabler - Ostler.
Stuff gown - Junior barrister
Stuff gownsman - Junior barrister
Sugarer - Dealer in sugar: Grocer.
Sumner - Summoner or Apparitor.
Supercargo - Officer on merchant ship in charge of cargo and concerns of the ship
Sutor - Shoemaker or cobbler.
Tabernarius - Taverner, Innkeeper.
Tannator - Tanner.
Tanner - One who tans (cures) animal hides into leather
Tapley - One who puts the tap in an ale cask
Tasker - Reaper
Teamster - One who drives a team for hauling
Teinter - Dyer.
Textor - Weaver.
Thatcher - Roofer
Tide waiter - Customs inspector
Tinctor - Dyer or possibly a painter.
Tinker - An itinerant tin pot and pan seller and repairman
Tipstaff - Policeman
Travers - Toll bridge collection
Tucker - Cleaner of cloth goods
Upholder - Upholsterer; also a cheapjack and seller of secondhand goods.
Vaginarius, Sheather - Scabbard maker.
Venator (Venur) - Huntsman.
Victualer - A tavern keeper, one who provides an army, navy, or ship with food
Vintner - Wine Merchant.
Vulcan - Blacksmith
Wagoner - Teamster not for hire
Wainwright - Wagon maker
Walker (Same as Fuller) - Cloth trampler or cleaner.
Waterman - Boatman who plies for hire
Webster - Weaver. Operator of looms
Whittawer - Preparer of white leather
Wright - Workman, especially a construction worker
Yeoman - Farmer who owns his own land.